In some cases the claims will be expedited. If, for example, you're dealing with a terminal condition your claim will be expedited and you'll generally receive word in less than a month. There are also other streamlining programs that will push some claims through faster than others including the Compassionate Allowances and Quick Disability Determination processes.
When you're dealing with a Social Security disability claim it can be a lengthy and involved process. The thing to keep in mind, however, is that pushing forward and making it to the judge hearing gives you an advantage. The odds are in your favor of winning when you make it this far and with a good attorney by your side, you'll have an even better chance.
Work with an experienced Social Security disability lawyer to make sure that all of your paperwork is filled out correctly. If there is just one error on your papers, your claim may be denied. This is a complicated process so if you're going to submit an application you should be sure that it is all done right the first time. If you are disabled, you have the right to apply for benefits but you'll need to be ready to fight for them throughout this long journey ahead.